Dr. Keith Heier, a leading foot and ankle surgeon serving Carrollton, TX, provides effective treatment for various orthopedic conditions. He specializes in diagnosing and treating minor to severe foot deformities such as Flat Feet, Clubfoot, Cavus Foot etc.

Flat Feet

Flat Feet, also known as Fallen Arches or Acquired Flat Foot Disorder, is a painful condition characterized by collapsed arches on the inside of the feet. The tendons that join the bones of the heel and foot form an upward arch to maintain the stability of the feet while standing, walking, running etc. When these tendons get weak, they are unable to form an arch and the soles of the feet touch the ground while standing. The condition is commonly seen in children but the arch usually develops as they grow older. People with Flat Feet may experience pain in the ankles, knees, hips or lower back due to an altered alignment of the legs.

Causes Of Flat Feet

  • Congenital foot deformity
  • Genetic factors
  • Walking or standing for long hours, specifically in high heeled shoes
  • Foot injuries, such as a fracture or bone dislocation
  • Overstretching or tearing of tendons
  • Age related wear and tear
  • Obesity
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Wearing shoes with improper arch support
  • Inflammation of the Posterior Tibial Tendon (PTT)
  • Tarsal coalition

Symptoms Of Flat Feet

  • Pain in the heel or arch area
  • Swelling at the inside of the ankle
  • Pain increases with physical activity
  • Over pronation
  • Heel spurs
  • Pressure on the joints of the lower body
  • Difficulty standing on the toes
  • Toes pointing outward while walking

Diagnosis Of Flat Feet

The orthopedic doctor may physically examine the foot from the front or back and ask the patient to stand on the toes. He may also evaluate the soles of the shoes for any unusual wear and tear. Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scan or MRI may be conducted to diagnose the exact cause of the condition.

Treatment For Flat Feet

  • Rest: Taking rest and applying ice packs at frequent intervals may help to reduce swelling.
  • Medications: The orthopedic doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications to ease pain and inflammation.
  • Orthotics: Using arch supports, inserts or wraps may help to provide support to the ankle and minimize pressure on the foot.  
  • Physical Therapy: Doing stretching exercises may help to increase the flexibility of the connective tissues and tendons in the foot and ease prevent over pronation.
  • Surgery: The doctor may recommend surgery if the condition is caused due to an underlying problem, such as abnormalities in bone development, tendon tear or Arthritis.

For treatment of Flat Feet and other orthopedic conditions, visit Dr. Heier. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle surgeon in Carrollton, TX, call at (972) 492 – 1334.